Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI (2024)

Abstract

KOLUNSARKA, I., A. GRÅSTEN, M. HUHTINIEMI, and T. JAAKKOLA. Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 53, No. 12, pp. 2653- 2660, 2021. Purpose: To examine synergistic associations between developmental trajectories of motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) from late childhood to adolescence. Methods: In this 3-yr follow-up study, motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, MVPA, and BMI were assessed in 1167 Finnish school-age children (girls = 583, boys = 565; Mage = 11.27 ± 0.33). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was measured using hip-mounted accelerometers. Developmental trajectories were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Results: The development of motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI was positive over time, whereas the development of perceived motor competence and physical activity was negative. The development of BMI was inversely associated with the development of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity. Conclusions: In the transition from late childhood to adolescence, motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI increased, and perceived motor competence and physical activity decreased. However, individual variance in the developmental trajectories was significant. Moreover, children with a greater increase in BMI showed a greater decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity from late childhood to adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2653-2660
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADOLESCENCE
  • CHILDHOOD
  • LATENT GROWTH MODELING
  • LONGITUDINAL
  • PERSON-ORIENTED APPROACH
  • TRAJECTORIES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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Kolunsarka, I., Gråsten, A., Huhtiniemi, M., & Jaakkola, T. (2021). Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 53(12), 2653-2660. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002749

Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. / Kolunsarka, Iiris; Gråsten, Arto; Huhtiniemi, Mikko et al.
In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 53, No. 12, 12.2021, p. 2653-2660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Kolunsarka, I, Gråsten, A, Huhtiniemi, M & Jaakkola, T 2021, 'Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 2653-2660. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002749

Kolunsarka I, Gråsten A, Huhtiniemi M, Jaakkola T. Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2021 Dec;53(12):2653-2660. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002749

Kolunsarka, Iiris ; Gråsten, Arto ; Huhtiniemi, Mikko et al. / Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2021 ; Vol. 53, No. 12. pp. 2653-2660.

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abstract = "KOLUNSARKA, I., A. GR{\AA}STEN, M. HUHTINIEMI, and T. JAAKKOLA. Development of Children{\textquoteright}s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 53, No. 12, pp. 2653- 2660, 2021. Purpose: To examine synergistic associations between developmental trajectories of motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) from late childhood to adolescence. Methods: In this 3-yr follow-up study, motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, MVPA, and BMI were assessed in 1167 Finnish school-age children (girls = 583, boys = 565; Mage = 11.27 ± 0.33). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was measured using hip-mounted accelerometers. Developmental trajectories were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Results: The development of motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI was positive over time, whereas the development of perceived motor competence and physical activity was negative. The development of BMI was inversely associated with the development of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity. Conclusions: In the transition from late childhood to adolescence, motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI increased, and perceived motor competence and physical activity decreased. However, individual variance in the developmental trajectories was significant. Moreover, children with a greater increase in BMI showed a greater decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity from late childhood to adolescence.",

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AU - Jaakkola, Timo

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AB - KOLUNSARKA, I., A. GRÅSTEN, M. HUHTINIEMI, and T. JAAKKOLA. Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 53, No. 12, pp. 2653- 2660, 2021. Purpose: To examine synergistic associations between developmental trajectories of motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass index (BMI) from late childhood to adolescence. Methods: In this 3-yr follow-up study, motor competence, perceived motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, MVPA, and BMI were assessed in 1167 Finnish school-age children (girls = 583, boys = 565; Mage = 11.27 ± 0.33). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was measured using hip-mounted accelerometers. Developmental trajectories were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Results: The development of motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI was positive over time, whereas the development of perceived motor competence and physical activity was negative. The development of BMI was inversely associated with the development of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity. Conclusions: In the transition from late childhood to adolescence, motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, and BMI increased, and perceived motor competence and physical activity decreased. However, individual variance in the developmental trajectories was significant. Moreover, children with a greater increase in BMI showed a greater decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity from late childhood to adolescence.

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Development of Children’s Actual and Perceived Motor Competence, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and BMI (2024)
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